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PA Hiking Trails

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Marcellus Shale

This website was created and is maintained by an educator that is dedicated to delivering..
MAPS, GPS Data and DETAIL about PA Trails like no other!




Note: Welcome to the new
PAHikingTrails.com!!!
I hope you enjoy it.
Currently the site is not complete.
Look for the data on:


www.georflf.com


As you know our state is in danger of being destroyed by the extraction of natural gas that has been found within the Marcellus Shale.
&
The people of PA have to deal with it everyday,
right in our backyards. Get nothing out of it.
The land we pay taxes on! the land we've grown up around.
The Gas Companies practically pay nothing, but they make billions!

Did you know that underneath the Marcellus Shale they found oil in the Utica Formation.

How Precious Is Your Water To You?!

Note:  Pennsylvania and its wilderness / water supply is in danger, because of the natural gas industry.
Please take action and educate yourself on this destructive process of natural gas extraction known as hydraulicfracturing.
Join the RDA.org (its free!) & the Sierra Club (or just take action, its easy!)
Contact your legislatures & senators to enforce protective law for PA.
Please visity my Marcellus Shale page to learn more about the DANGER Pennsylvania is in.


Page Table of Contents

What is the Marcellus Formation?
What is Natural Gas?
What is Hydraulic Fracturing?
What Kind of Chemicals Are In Fracking Fluid?
Environmental & Health Dangers
     Water & Chemical Math

My Views & Opinions
Positive Points to Gas Drilling

Video's
Great Links
     Websites
     PDF Documents
* Click on any of the links to be taken directly to that piece of information



What is the Marcellus Formation?

The Marcellus Formation is a black shale formation that is located beneath the Appalachian basin and most of Pennsylvania at a depth of about 4,000 - 10,000 ft. (but not everywhere and not always). The formation / shale got its name from the distinctive outcropping of shale rock in Marcellus, NY. This formation of shale is predicted to contain the largest source of natural gas in America. Experts estimate the shale contains upwards of 500 trillion cubic feet (tcf) of natural gas. However the recovery of the gas will be much lower, experts estimate 50 tcf would a more realistic number for extraction.

Here is a PA state map of the Marcellus Formation from the Clean Air Council.

Map of Marcellus Formation in PA
Click to view fullsize image.
Marcellus Shale Regional Map
Click to view fullsize image.

Shale gas aka "natural gas" is a natural resource that is trapped within shale formation at the microscopic level. Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock that can be rich in petroleum and natural gas, both of which are energy sources for the United States.

Here is a regional map of the Marcellus Shale Formation from Geology.com.

 

Here is a nationwide map of the lower 48 states that contain shale gas. Before the discovery of the Marcellus Formation and the estimated 500 billion cubic feet of natural gas contained within it. The largest producer of natural gas came from the Barnett Formation located in Texas.

Obtained from the Energy Information Administration (eia.doe.gov)

Shale Map found within the US
Click to view fullsize image.
Marcellus Shale located within the Susquehanna River Watershed
Click to download fullsize PDF image.
More than 72% of the largest watershed (Susquehanna River Basin) in the state is located within the Marcellus Shale Formation. What does this mean? Remember that the average well requires 4-8 million gallons of water to frack. Fracking can occur up to 16x for one well. .5% - 2% of that fluid is made up of hazardous chemicals and tons of sand. How many homes feed off of the Susquehanna? Are you worried about your water? You should be since only 15% of the fluids are recollected within 8 weeks. What happens to the remaining 85%?



What is Natural Gas?

Natural gas is a fossil fuel that is a mixture of gaseous hydrocarbons associated with petroleum deposits, but primarily comprised of methane . There is basically two types of methane, bigenetic which contains very small amount of ethane. The 2nd type of methane is thermogenic, which also contains ethane and heavier hydrocarbons such as: propane, butane, pentane, and hexanes. The thermogenic methane is the gas extracted for fuel.
Natural gas is often promoted as "cleaner" than coal, but which has its own serious environmental hazards like lead, mercury, benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes, radioactive radon and other toxic contaminants that can be found bound to the natural gas. This form of energy still needs to undergo processing to remove all the materials other than the fuel itself. Did you know that methane can be up to 25 times more potent & dangerous than CO2.




What is Hydraulic Fracturing?

Hydraulic Fracturing (hydro fracking) is the process of fracturing rock to extract fuels such as petroleum and natural gas. The basic steps of hydraulic fracturing are listed below:

  1. A hole is drilled deep into the earth's crust
  2. Explosive charges are set off at various points (wherever needed to fracture the rock)
  3. Fracking fluid is dispensed down the bore hole at high pressures (the pressure is directly related to the size, depth of hole, type of rock and what materials are being extracted)
    • The fluid is used to further penetrate the rock causing additional cracks
    • The fluid also contains many compounds needed to aid the "props" allowing the gas and more of it to escape
    • There are at least 12 different categories of chemicals used for various purposes in hydraulic fracturing
      • Total chemicals used are in the hundreds
      • At least 85 are harmful to humans
    • The sand, ceramic beads and other materials serves the purpose as a "prop" or proponent which keeps the cracks open and to help fill the voids
    • Gas Mixtures can also be used to fracture the rock, this method is not near as popular as the liquid method.

Horizontal Hydraulic Fracturing

What Kind of Chemicals are in Fracking Fluid?

Here's a list of some of the chemicals compiled by the DEP's Oil & Gas Management for PA.
PA Chemicals Link
Click the picture above to view the PDF.

Disclosed list of some of the chemicals for New York State.
Look to pages (5-35 - 5-66) in the PDF document
New York State's Chemical List
Click the pictures above to view the PDF.

List of Some of the Hydraulic Fracturing Ingredients that Make up  .5 - 2% of the 2 - 9 million gallons of water

  • Acid:  Hydrochloric acid or muriatic acid.  Helps dissolve minerals and initiate cracks in the rock. Used as a swimming pool chemical and cleaner.

  • Antibacterial Agent:  Glutaraldehyde.   Eliminates bacteria in the water that produces corrosive by-products. Household used: Disinfectant.

  • Iron control.  Citric acid. Prevents precipitation of metal oxides. Common uses: food and beverages, (lemon juice is seven percent citric acid).

  • Breaker.  Ammonium persulfate Allows a delayed break down of the frac gel. Uses: Hair coloring, disinfectant, manufacture of common household plastics.

  • Corrosion Inhibitor. n,n-dimethyl formamide.  Prevents corrosion of pipe. Uses: pharmaceuticals, acrylic fibers and plastics.

  • Crosslinker.  Borate salts.  Maintains fluid viscosiy.  Uses: Laundry detergent, hand soap, cosmetics.

  • Surfactant. Isopropanol. Increases  viscosity of the frac fluid. Uses: glass cleaner, antiperspirant, hair coloring.

  • Friction Reducer. Petroleum distillate.  Minimizes friction. Uses: Cosmetics including hair, makeup and skin care products.

  • Gel Guar Gum. hydroxyethyl cellulose. Helps suspend the sand in water. Uses: cosmetics, bread, ice cream, toothpaste, condiments.

  • Clay Stabilizer. Potassium chloride. Brine carrier fluid.  Uses: Table salt substitute, medicines and Intravenous fluids.

  • pH Adjusting Agent. Sodium or potassium carbonate. Uses: Laundry detergents, soap, water softeners and dishwashing detergent.

  • Scale Inhibitor Ethylene glycol. Reduces scale deposits in pipe.  Uses: Household cleansers, de-icers, paints, caulking.


  • List above courtesy of: www.energyindustryphotos.com/
Have you ever heard of these chemicals?     Can you even say these words?     How dangerous are they?



Environmental & Health Dangers are as Followed:     Just Ask Dimock, PA!

  1. Fracking Chemicals
    • Extremely toxic to the environment
    • Extremely toxic to humans and all living things
    • Pollutes ground water
    • Pollutes streams
    • Contaminates water wells
    • Chemicals contained within fracking fluid make up roughly 1/2% - 2% of the fluid, do the math!
      • On average I have found wells take 4 - 8 million gallons of water to frack
      • LETS DO SOME MATH..

    * The Graph below depicts fracks from: 1x to 8x to 16x over the life of the well, which could be as long as 30 years.

    * Notice the amount of water needed is anywhere from: 2 to 144,000,000 million gallons!

    * Chemical Ratio Used in Their "Secret" Formulas: .5 to 2% which results into tens of thousands of gallons when you look at the water needed per frack

    * Total Chemicals Needed & Pumped into the Ground: 10,000 to 2,880,000 million gallons of chemicals!

    Total
    Fracks
    Water Needed
    in Gallons
    Chemical
    Ratio
    Total Chemicals Pumped
    into the Ground
    2 million gallon frack numbers
    1 2,000,000 .5% 10,000 gallons of chemicals
    8 16,000,000 .5% 80,000 gallons of chemicals
    16 32,000,000 .5% 160,000 gallons of chemicals
     
    1 2,000,000 1% 20,000 gallons of chemicals
    8 16,000,000 1% 160,000 gallons of chemicals
    16 32,000,000 1% 320,000 gallons of chemicals
     
    1 2,000,000 2% 40,000 gallons of chemicals
    8 16,000,000 2% 320,000 gallons of chemicals
    16 32,000,000 2% 640,000 gallons of chemicals
     
    4 million gallon frack numbers
    1 4,000,000 .5% 20,000 gallons of chemicals
    8 32,000,000 .5% 160,000 gallons of chemicals
    16 64,000,000 .5% 320,000 gallons of chemicals
     
    1 4,000,000 1% 40,000 gallons of chemicals
    8 32,000,000 1% 320,000 gallons of chemicals
    16 64,000,000 1% 640,000 gallons of chemicals
     
    1 4,000,000 2% 80,000 gallons of chemicals
    8 32,000,000 2% 640,000 gallons of chemicals
    16 64,000,000 2% 1,280,000 gallons of chemicals
     
    8 million gallon frack numbers
    1 8,000,000 .5% 40,000 gallons of chemicals
    8 64,000,000 .5% 320,000 gallons of chemicals
    16 128,000,000 .5% 640,000 gallons of chemicals
     
    1 8,000,000 1% 80,000 gallons of chemicals
    8 64,000,000 1% 640,000 gallons of chemicals
    16 128,000,000 1% 1,280,000 gallons of chemicals
     
    1 8,000,000 2% 160,000 gallons of chemicals
    8 64,000,000 2% 1,280,000 gallons of chemicals
    16 128,000,000 2% 2,560,000 gallons of chemicals
     
    9 million gallon frack numbers
    1 9,000,000 .5% 45,000 gallons of chemicals
    8 72,000,000 .5% 360,000 gallons of chemicals
    16 144,000,000 .5% 720,000 gallons of chemicals
     
    1 9,000,000 1% 90,000 gallons of chemicals
    8 72,000,000 1% 720,000 gallons of chemicals
    16 144,000,000 1% 1,440,000 gallons of chemicals
     
    1 9,000,000 2% 180,000 gallons of chemicals
    8 72,000,000 2% 1,440,000 gallons of chemicals
    16 144,000,000 2% 2,880,000 gallons of chemicals
     
    Some wells need as much as 9 million gallons per frack!!!

    Excel Document of Chemical List Calculations

    Lets Talk About Those Chemicals!

    Xylene
         * So poisonous that one drop pollutes thousands of gallons of water
         * EPA Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCL's) acceptable in drinking water..
              10 ppm (parts per million) or
              1 drop per 4 gallons

    Toluene
         * So poisonous that one drop pollutes thousands of gallons of water
         * EPA Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCL's) acceptable in drinking water..
              1 ppm (parts per million) or
              1 drop per 40 gallons

    Ethylbenzene
         * So poisonous that one drop pollutes thousands of gallons of water
         * EPA Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCL's) acceptable in drinking water..
              .07 ppm (parts per million) {not even one drop} or
              1 drop per 572 gallons

    Arsenic
         * So poisonous that one drop pollutes thousands of gallons of water
         * EPA Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCL's) acceptable in drinking water..
              .01 ppm (parts per million), not even one part per million! or
              1 drop per 4,000 gallons

    Benzene
         * So poisonous that one drop pollutes thousands of gallons of water
         * EPA Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCL's) acceptable in drinking water..
              .005 ppm (parts per million) or 5 ppb (parts per billion) or
              1 drop per 8,000 gallons

    Naphthalene
         * EPA Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCL's) acceptable in drinking water..
              Don't know, this must be a mix of some stuff?

    Trimethylnapthalene
         * EPA Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCL's) acceptable in drinking water..
              Don't know, this must be a mix of some stuff?

    Methanol
         * Oral: 143 mg/kg is the toxicological level for humans
            Inhalation; 300 ppm is the toxicological level for humans

    Hydrochloric Acid
         * 5 ppm is the exposure level

    Ethanol
         * 1,000 ppm is the exposure level

    Glycol
         * impairs and damages the CNS

    * Up to 154 hazardous contaminants used in hydro fracking in the state of NM
    * Up to 85 hazardous chemicals used in hydro fracking in the state of PA

    Records show that formaldehyde, a human carcinogen, benzene, ethylbenzene, toluene, acids, arsenic, and pesticides that are toxic to wildlife, aquatic life, domestic animals and humans are added to the fracking fluid

    1 ppm = roughly 1 drop of the substance per 40 gallons of water

    EPA Drinking Water Contaminants - Lists of drinking water contaminants.


    Lets Talk About Those Extracted Elements & Compounds!

    Salt
         * On average, 1 pound of salt per gallon is collected from reclaimed fracking fluid

    Hard Minerals
         * Minerals so high in concentrate that well water is no longer drinkable

    Radium 226
         * On average, the levels of Radium 226 are 267x greater than the lethal exposure limit to humans

    Radon
         * Naturally decomposing radioactive element lethal to humans in high doses

    Uranium
         * Everyone knows uranium is a no no when it comes to your health!

    Methane
         * The migration of methane to wells due to pressure changes ruin well water and contamiates it beyond reclamation
              50 pph (parts per hundred) over a 2 hour period


    • The chemical components contained within the fracking fluid disclosed to New York state are as high as 2%, do the math with this one
      • 8,000,000 gallons of water per frack with chemicals included, fracking can be up to 16x per well
      • .02 (2%) * 8,000,000 = 160,000 gallons of chemicals per frack
        • 160,000 gallons x 16 = 2,560,000 gallons of chemicals over the lifetime of the well pumped into the ground!

  2. Extracted fluids after fracking process
    • Highly toxic,
      • At least 65 - 85 chemicals are toxic to humans
      • The majority of the chemicals are not biodegradable
      • Upwards of 80% of the fluid remains in the ground, I have read anywhere from 15-85% depends on where and by whom
    • Must be stored in a containment pond, which leak and are unprotected from the environment except for a supposed impermeable liner
      • What about rain, other elements and the animals?
    • Fluids are evaporated into the air via evaporators, that's okay those VOC's (volatile organic Compounds) & Nitrogen Oxide won't hurt us.. Think Again!
      • Fluids are however hauled away in the smaller tanker trucks that say "residual waste" on them.
    • Did you know that for every gallon of fracking fluid extracted from the well contains about 1 lb. of salt!
    • Did you know that heavy metals, heavy minerals & radioactive elements (like radium 226, radon, uranium) are brought back up to the surface after extraction!

  3. Truck Traffic to Local Roads
    • Destruction of the roads
    • Possible widening of the roads
      • Loss of land due to the right-a-way
    • Replacement of bridges
      • Loss of land, again due to the right-a-way
    • Increased road noise
    • Increased CO output around the area
    • Increased filth from the vehicles both in solids and liquids
      • Think about your land, your house, your cars, your children your animals
    • Longer time needed to get where your going

  4. Local Rivers and Creeks
    • Depletion of water supply
      • The average well takes 8 million gallons of water to frack
      • They can be fracked up to 16 times!
      • Do the math 8,000,000 x 16 = 148,000,000 million gallons of water and a million gallons of toxic chemicals pumped into the ground
      • Negatively impacts on swimming, fishing, kayaking/canoeing, etc..
    • Reduction of water levels could disrupt aquatic life in a variety of ways
      • Increase and/or decrease water temperature
      • Flucuation of water pH
      • Disruption of oxygen levels
    • Increased visual and ear traffic around swimming, camping, fishing and residential areas that are located by the rivers and creeks
    • Increased sediment from runoff, which results in a negative effect towards the acqutic life in the streams, creeks and rivers
    • Introduction of invasive life could come from the drilling rigs, and its equipment in addition to the changing conditions it may be optimal for invasive species

  5. Well Sites
    • Pads sites are no less than 2 acres in size
      • 1 acre is equal to 43,560 sq./ft. roughly 75% - 90% of a football field depending whether or not you include the end zones or not
      • 1 acre is equal to 209 ft. by 209 ft. or 70 yd's. x 70 yd's.
    • Well casing failures! (2" of concrete houses the bore and its casing. Well this concrete cracks and fails!
      • 6% fail immediately!
      • 60% fail over a three year period!
    • The land is completely flattened and other materials are brought in to cover the surface for the heavy machinery needed to do the job
    • Increased noise from the compressors and pumps
    • Local pad areas have leaked chemicals into the streams & creeks
    • Chemical leaks from the equipment
    • Increased eye noise from the equipment
    • Increased erosion and runoff from clearcutting

  6. Access Roads
    • Access roads are needed to reach the site which means additional destruction of the environment and less room for our wildlife
    • Increased traffic causing both eye & ear noise
    • Increased erosoin and runoff from cutting in the roads

  7. Pipelines
    • You can't get the gas from point A to point B without pipeline!
    • Pipelines are extensive in size, which means more destruction of the forest and animal homes
    • Pipelines need to reach their destination which means they must cross all terrain, wetlands, wild areas, natural areas, etc..
    • Leakage from the pipelines is inevitable and normal up to 2%. Remember methane is up to 25x more potent than carbon dioxide.
    • Again increased ear & eye noise from construction
    • Pipelines, access roads, pad sites add more human existence to the peaceful forest

  8. Wildlife
    • Loss of their homes
    • Loss of food
    • Loss of water
    • Forced to migrate somewhere else
    • Decreased outdoor sporting activities involving wildlife
    • Disruption of the natural landscape

  9. Air Quality
    • Increased methane output from the ground at bore holes and residential wells
    • Volatile Organic Compound's are evaporated into the air via large evaporators
    • Increased CO from trucks and other petroleum-based machinery
    • Increased dirt kicked up from the trucks and machinery
    • Methane (CH4) is up to 30x more harmful for the environment than CO & CO2
      • 1 molecule of Methane has an atmospheric lifetime of 12 years
      • Carbon Dioxide has an atmospheric lifetime of 50-200 years!
      • Concentration comparisons of Carbon Dioxide & Methane
        • Carbon Dioxide: atmospheric concentration have risen 35% since the 1700's
        • Methane: atmospheric concentrations have risen 150% since the 1700's
          • Natural gas extraction and usage will only increase this number!

  10. Jobs
    • 40% of the workers are not from PA
    • Increased population
    • Increased prices all around (grocery store, restaurants, gas stations, etc..)
    • Harder for people who need to find somewhere to live due to:
      • Loss of property, both to own and to rent
      • Can't afford to rent, due to local landlords driving the rental price up

  11. Backpacking / Hiking / Snowmobiling / 4-Wheeler Trails
    • Loss of trail access to some
    • Trail interruption due to access road, gas wells, etc..
    • Both ear and eye noise
    • Decrease in recreational activities

  12. Local Farmers & Landowners
    • Destruction of their property
    • Loss of farming land
    • Disruption of wildlife on their land
    • Migration of methane gas to their lands and water wells

  13. State Forest & Parks
    • 2.1 million acres of state forest lands exist in the state of PA
      • 1.6 of it is in the Marcellus Fairway (71%)
      • 700,000 acres are being leased to the Gas Companies (47%)!!!
    • Guess where most of those leases exist?!
      • Right in the heart of the back country
      • In some of the most beautiful lands of PA (The very areas I love to explore, the area I live in, the areas backpackers from all over the state and country come for some adventure, the Black Forest Trail, the Susquehannock Trail, the Loyalsock Trail & the West Rim Trail just to name a few.)
      • Destruction all the way around
      • Disruption of the natural landscape
      • Increased erosion from development
      • Introduction of synthetic hazardous materials

  14. Local Homeowners
    • Read all of the above
    • Read all of the below
    • Negatives far outweight the positive
    • Migration of methane gas to their drinking water wells

  15. Pennsylvania's Coal Booming Era
    • What happened?
    • Over the past 200 years bituminous coal has been extracted from the lands of PA
    • Did you know that nearly 1/4 of all coal mined and used in the US came from PA?
    • What happened during and what is happening since?
      • They came, they decimated the lands and we are still feeling the affects of it
      • Acid Mine Drainage is still rampant in streams around the state
    • The same thing is going to happen, but on a much larger scale (I really hope I am wrong!)
      • Richer people will get wealthier
      • Poor people will have less
      • Some will benefit (those who are fortunate enough to have the land the companies want to drill on) most will not!

  16. Human Health Concerns
    • Unexplained Illnesses
    • Rise in Cancer Rates
    • Rise in Crime Rate
    • Rise in Vandalism
    • Rise in Daily Stress Levels
    • The List Goes On & On
    • Loss of local town character due to rapid growth



Please Read Before You Criticize My Views

As you have gathered, I am not an advocate of the natural gas extraction process currently used in the state of PA and 38 other states. The negatives far outweigh the positives (both in short and long-term), do the research, read the articles, watch the documentaries, watch the videos on the Internet from landowners and research the 37 other states that have experienced this invasive process. It's quite clear, but I will post the positives too.

Please understand I am not against the extraction of natural gas, we could use it as a nation to: reduce our carbon output, reduce our dependence on foreign energy sources, boost our economy, profit local businesses, financially help struggling farmers, landowners, but the rules and regulations are not stringent enough to make it safe with little impact on us and the environment. Our state jumped into it too soon! We need to look to other extraction processes (CO2 or Nitrogen), we need to limit the permits given, we need to do the research. We as a state could use the funds, but currently we are not receiving any real revenue.

Why haven't we harnessed the power of hydroelectric (water disruption?), windmills (noise?) and especially Solar Energy (cost to return?), lightning storms (to hard to harness, lack of technology?)

The problem with a severance tax is the money generated from the gas extraction would be placed into the states "general funds," which means the areas directly impacted by the gas exploration would not benefit. Why? The majority of the money would be allocated to big cities such as: Philadelphia, Harrisburg and Pittsburgh. Yes, that is a bummer for our local areas, which need it more any anywhere else, but if that's the only way we can receive money from these Gas Companies than so be it! We all pay taxes, so that has to benefit all residents of PA someway.

We don't know the long-term affects of the gas drilling voids, cracks, fissures, chemical leaching, etc.. The list go's on and on.




Positive Points to the Natural Gas Extraction in PA:

  1. Fracking Chemicals
    • None

  2. Extracted fluids after fracking process
    • Reused where possible
    • Recycle what they can (but there is controversy on whether or not the fluid is "cleaned" well enough)

  3. Truck Traffic
    • Roads are repaved by the Gas Companies, but think about it, they are doing this not only for you, but they need to use the road too

  4. Local Rivers and Creeks
    • None

  5. Well Sites
    • Several wells can be drilled using one pad, but of course the size of the pad and the gas deposits beneath directly affect this
    • The companies must bring in top soil, plant grass & trees to reduce the footprint
    • Bored holes are encased in concrete (concrete cracks and breaks apart of time)
    • Bored holes are drilled to depths of thousands of feet

  6. Access Roads
    • None

  7. Pipelines
    • None

  8. Wildlife
    • None

  9. Air Quality
    • Natural Gas is a cleaner burning fuel source compared to coal and oil
      • Results in a reduction of greenhouse gases and acid rain
    • Reduction of sulphur and nitrogen oxides released into the air from petroleum-based energy sources

  10. Jobs
    • 60% of the new jobs created from this gas exploration are PA residents
    • Increased business for local businesses

  11. Backpacking / Hiking / Snowmobiling / 4-Wheeler Trails
    • None

  12. Local Farmers & Landowners
    • Hard working farmers now have the opportunity to get out of debt and make some money for all their hard work
    • Local landowners that may have been struggling financially are now able to breath

  13. State Forest & Parks
    • Money received from leases on state forest lands helps to pay for maintenance of the parks and forests

  14. Local Homeowners
    • There may at some point in time be a reduction in property tax (but I doubt it)???

  15. The Price of Gas
    • Has droppped significantly since the Natural Gas Boom

 




Video's

Just Go to YouTube & type anything in about the Marcellus Shale and Natural Gas Drilling or Hydraulic Fracturing, There is hardly anything good to say about it!




The Pro's & Con's of Natural Gas Extraction
http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=7054210n



Gas Drilling Horror Story
http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=7054281n&tag=contentBody;housing



Marcellus Shale Reality Tour (SUPERB VIDEO A MUST WATCH!!!)
http://youtu.be/g5QqidiEEHw



Before / After Gas Drilling
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Ft0B7guXKA



Dr. Ingraffea Facts on Fracking (SUPERB VIDEO A MUST WATCH!!!)
http://youtu.be/mSWmXpEkEPg



FRACKING 101
http://youtu.be/nPZqXGBlj10




Heavy Fraffic
http://youtu.be/KZZQxe6FiGA



Gaslands: Dangers of Natural Gas Extraction (Ext. Trailer)
http://youtu.be/j2Nc-kxWfmc



Fracking Hell - The Untold Story
http://youtu.be/dEB_Wwe-uBM



A Fracking Joke!
http://youtu.be/YWMsHW4SMCY



Josh Fox's Oscar Nomination Attacked by Natural Gas Industry
http://youtu.be/XliO_Y4_jXc



Leaked EPA Documents Expose Dangers of Natural Gas Extraction
http://youtu.be/fwB_0zme0WY



Reporter's Notebook: Hydraulic Fracturing
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yy556ACxJ2I



Aerial Photos of Natural Gas Wells in North Central PA
http://youtu.be/EAqOmLnt0jk




Contaminated Water Blamed on Natural Gas Drilling - pt.1
http://youtu.be/1HkIVWSR8K0



Contaminated Water Blamed on Natural Gas Drilling - pt.2
http://youtu.be/oxpVMvEBahs



No Fracking Way!
http://youtu.be/Mkr-ImrRxNM



Drilling for Natural Gas is Contaminating Drinking Water!
http://youtu.be/YurFidVneOY



Gasland Director - Josh Fox Exposes Fracking
http://youtu.be/DH-EdNGb5OA



Tarsands Pipeline - The Dirtiest Oil on earth
http://youtu.be/DCq015rc_lk



Tarsands Oil Extraction - The Dirty Truth
http://youtu.be/YkwoRivP17A



Hydraulic Fracturing - 3D Animation (A Scary Visual!)
http://youtu.be/fFUxq9UolN4



Marcellus Shale's Deadly Secrets!
http://youtu.be/Fby5TqYc42c



US Troops talk about Halliburton & KBR - Not Good, A Must Watch!
http://youtu.be/chXjCtkymRQ



Dr. Conrad Volz Gas Drilling and Public Health - (A MUST WATCH!!!)
http://youtu.be/KOPLKXuiZmI


World News - Gas Drilling Truth
World New's Videos on Gas Drilling
In the World New's search bar type: Gas Drilling Truth



Aerial View of Fracking Sites in Dimock, PA - Not Very Attractive!
http://youtu.be/ZF8veSUvVgA



Shale Gas Ponzi Scheme Exposed
http://youtu.be/baAcx1DqVws



GasLands Movie - Some Key Points & Highlights
http://youtu.be/phCibwj396I



Kill a Hill, Kill a Tree for Fracking!
http://youtu.be/q3aSxfa341o



Chesapeake Energy - Horizontal Drilling Method
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AYQcSz27Xp8



Horizontal Drilling and Hydraulic Fracturing
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O0kmskvJFt0



Chesapeake Energy - Hydraulic Fracturing Method
http://youtu.be/73mv-Wl5cgg



Chesapeake Energy - Well Site Reclamation
http://youtu.be/GiU5DwdIGQw



These are just some of the video's I have watched
There are hundred's more
on the negative's associated with
Gas Drilling & Hydraulicfracting.

The documentary GasLand
just reiterates everything that I have researched
about the gas industry and the procedures taken to extract the Gas.


You must watch
GASLAND!!!

I challenge you to do the research & find favorable information
about natural gas extraction
that outlists the negatives.
You won't!

I ask you to contact your..
representatives, sentators, & governor
to make a difference.
WE MUST!
Please take action.




Great Links

Websites

Marcellus-Shale.us - Dedicated to providing photos, facts, opinions, stories and news about the Marcellus Shale gas play that you won't see other places.

GasLand - When filmmaker Josh Fox is asked to lease his land for drilling, he embarks on a cross-country odyssey uncovering a trail of secrets, lies and contamination.

Responsible Drilling Alliance (RDA) - A grassroots organization dedicated to seeking truth about the consequences of deep shale gas drilling.

Gas Drilling Awareness Coalition - The Gas Drilling Awarness Coalition, Inc. of Luzerne County, based in Dallas, PA, is a not for profit community educational association, whose members are concerned with the negative effects of the Industrial Process of Drilling for Natural Gas in PA. We are citizens from all walks of life.

FracTracker - Tracking the impacts of the natural gas industry - Piloting in the Marcellus Shale region.

Natural Gas Exploration on State Forest Lands - Provided by the DCNR.

Marcellus Shale Research in Pennsylvania - Provided by the DCNR.

Trout Unlimited - Dedicated to preserving, protecting and restoring North America's coldwater fisheries & their watersheds.

Gas Drilling Truth on World News - Hundreds of videos on Gas Drilling. A must see!

Clean Air Council - Dedicated to protecting everyone's right to breathe clean air.

Susquehanna River Basin Commission (SRBC) - Is a water management agency serving the Susquehanna River Watershed.

EPA Drinking Water Contaminants - Lists and talks about drinking water contaminants.

American Natural Gas Alliance - The Truth About Gasland. From what I have read there is some misleading information in Gasland, here is some of that.

 

 

PDF Documents

DCNR GIS Analysis - 48 page PDF document about the Impact of the Gas Extraction on the Area. I do know know who the author is. I found it on the Internet.

GasLands House Party Toolkit - Information on the Documentary GasLands and what you can do to make a difference.

Home Grown Energy - Talks about the benefits of Natural Gas Extraction.

Delaware Riverkeepers - What You Need to Know about the Natural Gas Exploration.

The River Reporter - What's in that fracking fluid?

SGEIS Ch.5: Natural Gas Development Activities & High-Volume Hydraulic Fracturing - The Department of Environmental Conservation for the State of New York.

Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection - Methane Gas and Your Water Well.

The Marcellus Shale Play in PA - The Pennsylvania Geological Survey

PA Chemical List - Chemicals Used in the Hydraulic Fracturing Process in Pennsylvania Prepared by the Department of Environmental Protection Bureau of Oil and Gas Management Compiled from Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) obtained from Industry

Map of Marcellus Shale in PA - Compiled by the Pennsylvania Geological Survey

Cleaning Up Abandoned Mine Drainage - Trout Unlimited

Economic Benefits to Cleaning Up the West Branch of the Susquehanna - Trout Unlimited

Water Resource Challenges from Energy Production - Susquehanna River Basin Commission, by Jim Richenderfer, Ph.D.

Natural Gas Well Development in the Susquehanna River Basin - Provided by the Susquehanna River Basin Commission

Natural Gas - What you didn't know about Natural Gas & Methane by EnergyJustice.net which is a grassroots organization dedicated to advocating a clean energy, zero-emission, zero-waste future for all.

FreshLife News Letters

The Ravaging of Rural Pennsylvania - Options, January 2010, Articles to read listed below

Life Inside the Gas Industry Bull's Eye, pg.1,4
Fragmenting the Forest, pg.4
Consuming & Polluting Our Waters, pg.6
Fouling Our Air, pg.7
It's All About Money, pg.8
Taking Action!, pg.9
Excessive Stress, Something's Gotta Give, pg.10-11 (This article does not deal with the gas industry, but the added daily stress of the gas industry in our area will and does increase our stress level. Stress can lead to numerous ailments and illnesses.)

Earth Day, 40 Years Later - Options, April 2010, pg.6

Gasland, What Have We Gotten Ourselves Into? - Options, May 2010, pg.4-5




Be Sure to Read about: the "Halliburton Loophole," the "Frac Act," and the "Clean Drinking Water Act."

I encourage you to contact your local Congressman (look to the right of the page, enter your zip code, contact your reps) and constituents!
Become apart of the great organizations that are dedicated to preserving our environment such as:
Keystone Trails Association and the Pennsylvania Chapter of the Sierra Club.




Barb Jarmoska (founder of Freshlife) states, "There are 4 steps that are always in place whenever reform and social change occurs."

  1. A problem must affect a large number of people
  2. A large number of people must express concern
  3. Those in power must be made to recognize the problem
  4. Actions must be actively launched



We Need to Make a Difference! Change Will Not Occur Without the Help of Us!



GeoRFLF (outdoor enthusiast, webmaster and creator of pahikingtrails.com & georflf.com)
"Live the Outdoors"




Questions or Comments?: Please feel free to email me, I would appreciate them, Thanks!

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Disclaimer
*Please remember, the information posted on this page and all other pages can & probably will change. I assume no liability for accidents happening to, or injuries sustained by, readers who engage in the activities posted on my entire website including links. Remember, you are responsible for your own actions, please understand conditions on the trail, in the woods or on the river can/will change due to mother nature. Please don’t assume I know all there is about such topics, unfortunately I do not. I am just posting my travels and opinions experienced out in the wilderness. I encourage you to read further and look to reliable resources like the PA Game & Fish Commission and the PA DCNR. Thank You.